Archival Science and Blockchain: theoretical discussion about opportunities and barriers

Funcionamento do Blockchain do Bitcoin Paper

Blockchain has characteristics that can contribute to archival activities related to the security of digital documents, although it was a technology created to solve problems of financial transactions. This research aims to identify the opportunities and barriers presented by Blockchain, especially to examine the challenges that this technology can bring to Archival Science.

This bibliographic research has a qualitative and quantitative approach, carried out through the analysis of scientific communications published in journals and conference proceedings available in Google Scholar, SciELO, and Web of Science knowledge bases. The data was collected during April and May 2019. Among the 108 publications collected, 57 were discarded because they did not meet the defined criteria. A total of 51 publications were analyzed, among which 12 were identified with topics related to the area of ​​knowledge studied. After applying the research quality criterion, 5 publications were selected to be analyzed.

About the opportunities offered by Blockchain, the integrity of digital documents and access to information are among the most addressed issues. On the other hand, the time lag to register information, technological obsolescence, and privacy issues are among the challenges to adopt Blockchain. It is concluded that Blockchain may is an important asset for Archival Science not only to ensure the authenticity of the documents but also to optimize and maintain security in the processing and storage of digital archival documents. However, it is paramount to discuss in more depth about long-term preservation, information privacy, and user privacy.

Authors

Access to full-text paper (only in Portuguese)

Fernando de Assis Rodrigues
Fernando de Assis Rodrigues, B.Sc., M.S., Ph.D., is a professor at Federal University of Pará (UFPA), Brazil.

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