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Theoretical concepts for data collecting from online social networks

The development of networks of interrelations between individuals is not recent. Associated with Information and Communication Technologies have emerged online services aimed at the inter-relationship between its participants: online social networks.

These environments raise concerns in the way data are shared, such as from the process of collecting data by external agents, which are stored in the institutions that own the services.

However, following up on the process of data collecting available in online social networking services is a complex task, since the information on what data collection activities will be performed are described in documents with legal language (Terms of Use) and the rules and the technologies of the data collecting process are explained in technical-operational documents, aimed at the development of applications.

The research project has as objective the delimitation of theoretical foundations and concepts related to the process of data collecting from online social networks, from the specification of the characteristics of data collection through Application Programming Interfaces (API), and the identification of aspects on the rules, protocols and technologies involved in the data collecting process identified in the content of technical-operational documents and in the Terms of Use.

The adopted methodology is anchored in a theoretical-exploratory intersection, of a qualitative nature, and an investigation will be carried out through (a) an exploratory research, from the identification of the technical and operational characteristics of the data collection interfaces, and (b) a bibliographical research, with analysis of the content of the technical-operational documents and the Terms of Use for linking concepts from existing scientific literature.

A systematized division of the collection process is adopted in three interconnected cycles (Systematization of Collection, Direct Modeling, and Second Order Modeling), containing 3 phases each: collection, storage, and retrieval.

The results will be structured in two axes of analysis: (a) a contextualization of the data collecting process, based on the results of the exploratory research, explaining the characteristics of the data collection process of each online social network (in each cycle) and (b) a theoretical reference formation, relating the characteristics identified in each phase of the contextualization axis to the concepts already established in scientific literature, selected from the analysis and the results of the bibliographic research.

As the process of data collecting has a strong need for interdisciplinary cooperation, this will reflect in the contribution of concepts originating from different areas of knowledge to the formation of a referential proper to Information Science, as well as in the formation of a critical discourse about need interdisciplinary participation in data collecting processes, mainly derived from the need for previous knowledge of theories, tools and techniques of different areas of knowledge.

It is excepted that the contextualization of the theoretical foundations related to the process of data collecting from online social networks will allow stimulating the reflection to new investigations that will involve not only studies about the process itself but also a basic orientation on related concepts the collection of data in online services.

Scientific publications available

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Mapping of information technologies on Open data in Public…

Brazilian public health is a subject that is evident in the media, and its discussion on the quality of public health services provided to citizens encompasses various social actors and raises questions such as the destination of the application of financial resources lending coming from the Federal Government.

The construction of mechanisms, via Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), that allow these actors to relate government financial resources to their respective destinations, leads to the expansion of public monitoring of State actions in this sector and increases both the possibilities of citizen participation in mechanisms of control over the State and the follow-up of the activities and processes of the public administration.

In this scenario, it is also important to ensure that access to this information is open to any public and that the data on this subject complies with the principles of Open Data, which ensures the construction, outside the public administration and its official web sites, of graphics and visualizations and the crossing of this data with other sources of information.

The general objective of this research is to identify, in official web sites of the Brazilian Federal Government, existing technological resources with the purpose of making accessible the governmental data on the forwarding of the financial lendings destined to the area of ​​public health and the presentation of prototype as reference element for construction of technological resources that allow the location of data sources on the destination of financial resources destined for public health.

The methodology is the exploratory analysis of four official sites, found through search engines, related to the Federal Government: the National Treasury Secretariat (Ministry of Finance), the National Health Fund (Ministry of Health), the Transparency of the Federal Government (General Controller of the Union) and the Department of Informatics of the Unified Health System (Ministry of Health).

In each web site were identified the information resources, containing a set of queries related to the theme of this study and its characteristics as search options, filters, technologies involved in the data recovery process, available consultation period, current data and spheres involved.

For each query a survey of the retrieved data sets was carried out, pointing out characteristics of each attribute as the description, type of data and type of content. With this, each query can be related to the eight principles of open data, pointing out which principles have been or are not met.

The results are the access conditions of each informational resource; the prior knowledge needed to acquire data; the synthesis of the service of the sites; the information resources and the consultations with the principles of open data; the link between consultations and the allocation of financial resources; and the proposal of a prototype.

Scientific publications available

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CoDAF – Digital Skills for Family Farming

Equal access to information is a key success factor for building fairer and more transparent trade. Rural communities have differentiated factors regarding access to the main means of communication and interaction of today, the Internet.

The CoDAF project seeks to present alternatives to factors such as geographical distance and lack of facilitated access to courses and proper preparation so that farmer producers linked to small rural states have equal conditions in the presentation of their products and access to information about their sector and about the market in general.

In addition, to show their products, they may also publicize good practices regarding socio-environmental responsibility applied to their states, valuing these actions and allowing the consumer to choose consciously and transparently.

Scientific publications available